Civil and Environmental Engineering

http://www.pvamu.edu/cee

Purpose and Goals 

Civil Engineers are involved in the planning, design, construction, and operation of facilities essential to modern life. These built systems include: airports, water supply systems, bridges and roadways, water treatment plants, dams and reservoirs, space and aircraft structures, and power supply structures, to name a few. The mission of the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department is to produce Civil Engineers who will become innovative practitioners, leaders, researchers and entrepreneurs. The department will attract and retain high quality faculty and maintain state-of-the-art infrastructure to achieve excellence in teaching, research and service. The department, through its rigorous curriculum, hands-on laboratory experiences and design-oriented course projects, will train students in a broad range of civil topics and engage them in research and service activities, so that they can make significant contributions to society and in improving the quality of life.

The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, a component of the Roy G. Perry College of Engineering, subscribes to and supports the goals of the College and the University. One objective of the program is to produce civil engineers for leadership in the profession. As such, a primary focus of the department is excellence in civil engineering education with the ultimate goal of promoting graduate research and excellence in civil engineering practice. The Civil Engineering Program Educational Objectives are provided below.

Civil Engineering program graduates will be able to:

  1. Have careers in civil engineering or related fields that lead to increasing levels of responsibility and leadership;
  2. Obtain professional licensure/certification;
  3. Complete graduate studies in civil engineering or related fields;
  4. Engage in professional development and service.

Admission Requirements

Table 1. First-time Freshmen Requirements for Direct Admission to the Civil Engineering Program

Academic Major Meet PVAMU Admission Standards High School GPA SAT/ACT High School Rank THEA Passed
Civil EngineeringYes3.00930/19Top 25%Yes (all subjects)

Table 2. First-time Freshmen Requirements for Conditional Admission to the Civil Engineering Program

Academic Major Meet PVAMU Admission Standards High School GPA SAT/ACT High School Rank THEA Passed
Civil EngineeringYes2.50820/17Top 50%No

 Table 3. Transfer Students Requirements for Direct Admission to the Civil Engineering Program

Academic Major Meet PVAMU Admission Standards Transfer Grades Transfer GPA (Math; Science and Engineering)
Civil EngineeringYes"C" or greater2.50

 These tables represent a summary of admission requirements. For detailed admission requirements, see the section in the catalog pertaining to the Roy G. Perry College of Engineering  under College Admission and Academic Requirements.

Accreditation Status

The Civil Engineering program is accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission (EAC) of ABET, 111 Market Place, Suite 1050, Baltimore, MD 21202 – Telephone: (410) 347-7700.

Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering Degree Program Requirements

Core Curriculum 142
College Requirements
MATH 1124Calculus with Analytic Geometry I4
MATH 2024Calculus with Analytic Geometry II4
CHEM 1021
  & CHEM 1034
Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory II
   and Chemistry for Engineers
5
MATH 4173Advanced Math for Engineers3
MATH 3023Probability and Statistics3
PHYS 2511
  & PHYS 2521
University Physics Lab I
   and University Physics Lab II
2
CVEG 1011
  & CVEG 1021
Intro Engineering & Comp Sci
   and Intro to Civil Engineering Lab
2
GNEG 1121
  & GNEG 2021
Engineering Lab II for Mathematics
   and Engr Lab III for Math
2
CVEG 2043
  & CVEG 2053
Engineering Mechanics I
   and Engineering Mechanics II
6
ELEG 2053Introduction to Electrical Engineering3
MCEG 2013Thermodynamics I3
CVEG 3051Professional Engineering I1
CVEG 4472
  & CVEG 4482
Senior Design and Professional - I
   and Senior Design and Professionalism - II
4
Major Requirements
Additional Science Elective (Selected Biology course) 23
CVEG 2001Emerging Issues in Civil Engineering1
CVEG 2063Mechanics of Materials3
CVEG 3023Geotechnical Engineering3
CVEG 3031Construction Materials Laboratory1
CVEG 3043Environmental Engineering3
CVEG 3053Transportation Engineering3
CVEG 3063Hydraulics3
CVEG 3073Structural Analysis3
CVEG 3083Steel Design3
CVEG 4013Reinforced Concrete3
CVEG 4043Environmental Engineering Design3
CVEG 4053Transportation Engineering Design3
CVEG 4063Water Resources Engineering3
Technical Electives6
Total Hours128
1

All Civil Engineering Core Curriculum requirements are shown in the suggested degree program.

2

Students need to select one of the following courses as an additional science elective; One of the following Biology courses: BIOL 1073,  BIOL 1123 or BIOL 3073

Civil Engineering Suggested Technical Electives

CVEG 4093Systems Engineering3
CVEG 4103Special Topics3
CVEG 4113Energy and Environment3
CVEG 4123Hydrology3
CVEG 4143Engineering Construction3
CVEG 4223Waste Management3
CVEG 4233Water Quality Modeling3
CVEG 4243Fundamentals of Air Pollution and Control3
MATH 4063Numerical Analysis3
MATH 4083Advanced Calculus I3
MATH 4223Introduction to Complex Analysis3
MCEG 4063Dynamic Systems and Controls3
ARCH 4443CAD Construction Documents and Codes3

Technical elective courses must be 3000 level or above and must be taken with the approval of the Academic Advisor and the Department Head. At least one technical elective course must be taken in the department. Internship and Co-op courses are not acceptable as technical electives.

Technical Electives through Five-Year BS/MS Degree Plan Option

Students may, upon acceptance into the Five-Year BS/MS Degree Plan Option (see Roy G. Perry College of Engineering Academic Programs and Degree Plans), apply up to six semester-credit hours of graduate courses toward technical electives requirements.

Eligibility To Take Upper Division College Courses

The Roy G. Perry College of Engineering applies an eligibility standard for students to take upper division college courses. Students must have completed or be currently enrolled in all lower division (1000 and 2000 level) courses in English, mathematics, science, and engineering to be eligible to enroll in upper division (3000 or 4000 level) courses in the Roy G. Perry College of Engineering. Students in the Civil Engineering Program must complete the prescribed courses listed below with a minimum Grade Point Average (GPA) of 2.5 in order to be eligible to enroll in upper division (3000 or 4000 level) courses in the College. Students transferring to the Roy G. Perry College of Engineering with 60 or more semester hours from another institution will be allowed a period of one semester to comply.

CVEG 1011Intro Engineering & Comp Sci1
CVEG 1021Intro to Civil Engineering Lab1
CHEM 1034Chemistry for Engineers4
CHEM 1021Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory II1
ENGL 1143Technical Writing3
PHYS 2513University Physics I3
PHYS 2511University Physics Lab I1
MATH 1124Calculus with Analytic Geometry I4
MATH 2024Calculus with Analytic Geometry II4
ELEG 1043Computer Applications in Engineering3

Requirements for Civil Engineering as a Minor Field

Students have two options for the Civil Engineering Minor. Option 1: Civil Engineering and Option 2: Environmental Engineering. Students can use a maximum of 9 hours from their major towards the minor requirements.

Option 1: Civil Engineering

Students must complete 18 SCH to satisfy the minor requirements.

Required Courses
CVEG 2043Engineering Mechanics I3
CVEG 2053Engineering Mechanics II3
CVEG 2063Mechanics of Materials3
Technical Electives
Approved 3000 and 4000 level CVEG courses.9
Total Hours18

Option 2: Environmental Engineering Concentration

Students must complete 18 SCH to satisfy the minor requirements.

Required Courses
MCEG 2013Thermodynamics I3
or CHEG 2043 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics I
CVEG 3043Environmental Engineering3
CVEG 4043Environmental Engineering Design3
Technical Electives
CVEG 4223Waste Management3
CVEG 4233Water Quality Modeling3
CVEG 4243Fundamentals of Air Pollution and Control3
Or other related electives with the approval of the Academic Advisor.
Total Hours18

Civil Engineering Suggested Degree Program Sequence

Freshman
Fall - Semester 1HoursSpring - Semester 2HoursSummerHours
ENGL 11233ENGL 11433GNEG 2156 Engineering Cooperative Education I (Total 6 Credit Hours)1 
MATH 11244MATH 20244 
GNEG 11211GNEG 20211 
CHEM 10344ELEG 10433 
CHEM 10211PHYS 2513
  & PHYS 2511
4 
CVEG 10111CVEG 20011 
CVEG 10211  
COMM 10033  
Total18Total16Total0
Sophomore
Fall - Semester 1HoursSpring - Semester 2HoursSummerHours
MATH 20433CVEG 20533CVEG 3156 Civil Engineering Internship I (Total 6 Credit Hours)1 
PHYS 2523
  & PHYS 2521
4CVEG 30633 
Basic Science Elec [BIOL 1073,1123,3073]3MATH 30233 
CVEG 20433CVEG 20633 
MCEG 20133ELEG 20533 
 CHEG 20033 
Total16Total18Total0
Junior
Fall - Semester 1HoursSpring - Semester 2HoursSummerHours
MATH 41733CVEG 30233CVEG 4156 Civil Engineering Internship II (Total 6 Credit Hours)1 
CVEG 30733CVEG 30833 
CVEG 40633CVEG 30533 
POSC 11133CVEG 30433 
CVEG 30311POSC 11233 
HIST 13133  
Total16Total15Total0
Senior
Fall - Semester 1HoursSpring - Semester 2Hours 
CVEG 40133HIST 13233 
CVEG 40533Creative Arts Elective3 
CVEG 40433CVEG 44822 
CVEG 44722Language, Philosophy & Culture Elective3 
CVEG 30511Technical Elective3 
Technical Elective3  
Total15Total14
Total Hours: 128
1

Course may be taken for credit during a summer internship, but is not required in degree plan.

Most courses in the Roy G. Perry College of Engineering will be offered only once a year. Courses listed in the First Semester in the SUGGESTED DEGREE PROGRAM SEQUENCE will be offered in the Fall semester and may not be available in the Spring and Summer semesters. Courses listed in the Second Semester in the SUGGESTED DEGREE PROGRAM SEQUENCE will be offered in the Spring semester and may not be available in the Fall and Summer semesters.

Honor Societies, Clubs, and Service Organizations

Student organizations play an important role in helping students adjust to the responsibilities and professional development requirements of their profession. Students are encouraged to become active members of the organizations sponsored by the Civil and Environmental Engineering department.

The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) - Prairie View A&M University (PVAMU’s) ASCE student chapter strives to promote the professional development of civil engineering students through professional development activities. The most notable of these activities is the annual ASCE Texas Regional Conference, in which students from several Texas and New Mexico universities compete in various team-oriented and individual competitions [for example, Concrete Canoe (including the design, presentation and canoe races), Steel Bridge (including design, fabrication and presentation), and the Daniel Mead paper].

The Civil Engineering Honors Club (CEHC) – CEHC’s objectives are to promote scholarship, professionalism, sociability, character, and leadership among Civil Engineering students. Members of the Honors Club are inducted into Texas A&M University’s Chi Epsilon Chapter , which is under the auspices of the National Civil Engineering Honor Society .

Students in the department are also eligible for membership in professional and honor societies approved by the Roy G. Perry College of Engineering and the university.

Courses

CVEG 1011 Intro Engineering & Comp Sci: 1 semester hour.

Introduction to basic engineering, computer science and technology concepts. Students will become aware of the various disciplines of engineering, computer science and technology, ethical and professional responsibilities in these fields, creativity and design. Co-requisite: CVEG 1021.

CVEG 1021 Intro to Civil Engineering Lab: 1 semester hour.

Introduction to civil and environmental engineering issues and concerns. Students will become familiar with the many sub-fields of the Civil and Environmental Engineering profession; ethical responsibilities; and concepts of design. Co-requisite: CVEG 1011 or equivalent course determined by department.

CVEG 2001 Emerging Issues in Civil Engineering: 1 semester hour.

An overview of emerging issues and state-of-the-art technologies embraced by the Civil Engineering profession. The course will emphasize basic concepts in management, entrepreneurship, Public policy, leadership, teamwork and team building, oral and written communication, and the presentation of appropriate engineering design documentation. Prerequisites: CVEG 1011 and CVEG 1021 or approval of Department Head.

CVEG 2043 Engineering Mechanics I: 3 semester hours.

Fundamental concepts and principles; vector algebra and applications; equilibrium of particles and rigid bodies in two and three dimensions, moments and couples; distributed forces, centroids, moments of inertia, friction, introduction to analysis of structures. Prerequisites: PHYS 2513.

CVEG 2053 Engineering Mechanics II: 3 semester hours.

Kinematics and kinetics of particles and of rigid bodies as applied to engineering problems; Newton's laws of motion; work and energy; impulse and momentum; translations; rotation; plane motion; motion about a point; general motions; and periodic motions. Prerequisite: CVEG 2043.

CVEG 2063 Mechanics of Materials: 3 semester hours.

Mechanical behavior of engineering materials, plane stress, plane strain, stress-strain relationship, shear and moment, torsion, flexural, column and combined loadings. Introduction to deflections; concepts of stresses at a point; stresses in pressured containers; and theories of failures and thermal stresses. Prerequisites: CVEG 2043 or CVEG 2454 and MATH 2024.

CVEG 2454 Statics and Dynamics: 4 semester hours.

Fundamental concepts; equilibrium of particles and rigid bodies; centroids; moments of inertia; friction; introduction to analysis of structures. Kinematics and Kinetics of particles and of rigid bodies; equations of motion; work and energy; impulse and momentum. Prerequisites: PHYS 2513.

CVEG 3023 Geotechnical Engineering: 3 semester hours.

Physical and mechanical properties of soil; moisture and its movement in soil; moisture density relationships; soil classification; settlement; consolidation; permeability; testing of soil physical and mechanical properties; and laboratory sessions. Prerequisites: CVEG 2001, CVEG 2063, ENGL 1133 or ENGL 1143, PHYS 2511, PHYS 2521, and COMM 1003.

CVEG 3031 Construction Materials Laboratory: 1 semester hour.

Determination of mechanical properties of several engineering materials, including iron-carbon alloys, aluminum alloys, cement, concrete and its ingredients, wood, and composite materials, standard methods of testing and procedures; instrumentation and interpretation of results; and presentation of results in reports and report writing. Prerequisites: CVEG 2063, ENGL 1143 or ENGL 1133, PHYS 2511, PHYS 2521, and COMM 1003.

CVEG 3043 Environmental Engineering: 3 semester hours.

Review of the environmental chemistry and biology, introduction to environmental science and engineering, material balance, reaction kinetics, reactor design, introduction to solid and hazardous waste, water and wastewater quality characteristics, laboratory analysis of water and wastewater samples. Prerequisites: CHEM 1021, CHEM 1034 and MCEG 2013.

CVEG 3051 Professional Engineering I: 1 semester hour.

Fundamentals of engineering and related science subjects including biology, chemistry, computers, electric circuits, engineering economics, ethics, fluid mechanics, materials science, mathematics, statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials, and thermodynamics. Prerequisites: MATH 2043, CHEG 2003, CHEG 2013, CVEG 3063, ELEG 1043, ELEG 2053, and MCEG 2013.

CVEG 3053 Transportation Engineering: 3 semester hours.

Theory and practices of plane, route, boundary, and topographic surveying with basic concepts in transportation engineering. Topics include site planning and design of air, surface, and water transportation facilities; an introduction into the major aspects of regulatory requirements and other issues; and laboratory sessions in the areas of operations and planning. Prerequisites: CHEG 2003, CVEG 2001 and MATH 2043.

CVEG 3063 Hydraulics: 3 semester hours.

Fluid statics; pressure on submerged bodies; continuity equation; Bernoulli equation; principles of momentum and energy; fundamentals of hydraulic modeling; open channel flow; pressure conduit flow; flow measurement; laboratory sessions on selected topics. Prerequisites: CVEG 2053, CVEG 2063, ENGL 1133 or ENGL 1143, MATH 2043, and COMM 1003.

CVEG 3073 Structural Analysis: 3 semester hours.

Analysis of determinate structures; reactions, member forces of trusses, shears and bending moments of beams and frames; influence lines; moving loads; deflections; analysis of indeterminate structures by approximate method and energy method; computer application. Prerequisite: CVEG 2063.

CVEG 3083 Steel Design: 3 semester hours.

Analysis and design of tension and compression members, rolled steel beams, plate girders, riveted, welded, and pinned joints; and an introduction to design of trusses and multistory frames. Prerequisite: CVEG 3073.

CVEG 3156 Civil Engineering Internship I: 6 semester hours.

An internship program of work experience with an approved engineering oriented firm, agency or consulting firm or engineering public service agency serving the civil engineering profession. A comprehensive written report of the work-learning experience is required. Prerequisite: Approval of Department Head.

CVEG 4013 Reinforced Concrete: 3 semester hours.

Properties of concrete and reinforcement, design methods, codes, load, flexure, shear, bonds, and deflections, analysis and design of beams and columns; introduction to design of footings, slabs, and retaining walls; and introduction to computer-aided design. Prerequisites: CVEG 3073 and CVEG 3031.

CVEG 4043 Environmental Engineering Design: 3 semester hours.

Synthesis of environmental engineering fundamentals into an integrated system design which includes the design of physical, chemical, and biological unit operations and processes in water and wastewater treatment. Prerequisite: CVEG 3043.

CVEG 4053 Transportation Engineering Design: 3 semester hours.

Introduction of the transportation design process through a series of comprehensive transportation design projects. Emphasis is placed on the utilization of existing facilities and creation of efficient new facilities through transportation systems management techniques. Energy, environment, mobility and community impacts are considered as measures of effectiveness in the design process. Prerequisite: CVEG 3053.

CVEG 4063 Water Resources Engineering: 3 semester hours.

Control and utilization of water; flood control; water distribution systems; open channel flows; and hydraulic structures. Prerequisite: CVEG 3063 or Equivalent.

CVEG 4093 Systems Engineering: 3 semester hours.

Introduction to systems analysis and design; problem modeling; optimization; linear programming; dynamic programming; network analysis; critical path; economic analysis; and decision theory. Prerequisites: CHEG 2003 and MATH 3685.

CVEG 4103 Special Topics: 3 semester hours.

Selected current and emerging topics in Civil Engineering depending on need determined by the department. Prerequisites: Senior Standing and Approval by Department Head.

CVEG 4113 Energy and Environment: 3 semester hours.

Introduction to climate and climate change, the carbon cycle, air and water pollution from energy systems, impacts and implications of energy use for human health, current energy and energy-related environmental policies to foster the development of sustainable energy technologies, fuels, and practices, energy alternatives for the future and their impact on the local and global environment. Prerequisite: Senior level standing in the major.

CVEG 4123 Hydrology: 3 semester hours.

Hydrologic cycle; precipitation; runoff; infiltration; hydrological analysis; unit hydrograph; statistical methods; surface and groundwater; flood forecasting; flood routing; flood control; and computer applications. Prerequisite: CVEG 3063 or Equivalent.

CVEG 4143 Engineering Construction: 3 semester hours.

Modern construction methods; history, organization management, planning, and machinery; importance of working drawings programming and economy of good planning; and importance of inspection and checks, including visits to worksites and reports on such visits. Prerequisite: CVEG 3031 or Equivalent.

CVEG 4156 Civil Engineering Internship II: 6 semester hours.

An internship program of advanced work experience with an approved engineering oriented firm, agency, or consulting firm, or engineering public service agency providing practical work experience of the profession on the job. A comprehensive written report of the work-learning experience is required. Prerequisite: Approval of Department Head.

CVEG 4223 Waste Management: 3 semester hours.

Evolution, legislative trends and regulations for solid and hazardous waste management; sources, characteristics and engineering principles of solid and hazardous waste; and treatment and disposal methods for solid and hazardous wastes. Prerequisite: CVEG 3043.

CVEG 4233 Water Quality Modeling: 3 semester hours.

Water quality overview; movement of contaminants in the environment; contaminant interactions with soil, air, and water; and mathematical models to describe the movement of contaminants in various bodies of water including rivers, lakes, oceans and groundwater. Prerequisite: CVEG 3043.

CVEG 4243 Fundamentals of Air Pollution and Control: 3 semester hours.

Fundamentals of air pollution; regulatory aspects; effects and sources of air pollution; atmospheric physics and chemistry; simple air quality models; and basics of air pollution control. Prerequisite: CVEG 3043.

CVEG 4472 Senior Design and Professional - I: 2 semester hours.

This is the first course of a two-semester capstone experience (CVEG 4482 must immediately follow 4472 or sequence must restart wit 4472) involving engineering design of an industrial or advanced team project. Elements of ethics and professionalism in engineering practice are integrated into the project experience. The project will include application of relevant engineering codes and standards, as well as realistic constraints. Design achievements are demonstrated with written reports, and oral presentation, and professional standards and ethics examinations. Prerequisites: CVEG 3023, CVEG 3043, CVEG 3053, CVEG 3063 and CVEG 3073.

CVEG 4482 Senior Design and Professionalism - II: 2 semester hours.

A continuation of CVEG 4472 with required design modifications of the team projects necessary to produce a working prototype of the designs initiated in Senior Design and Professionalism I. Design project deliverables include an oral presentation, as well as a final written report. Professionalism education will, and a formal demonstration of prototype, or model of the design. Elements of professionalism reinforce the importance of professional engineering ethics, corporate culture, life-long learning, and globalization. Prerequisite CVEG 4472.

CVEG 4991 Independent Study: 1 semester hour.

Readings, research, and/or field work in selected topics. Prerequisite: Consent of Advisor.

CVEG 4993 Independent Study: 3 semester hours.

Readings, research, and/or field work in selected topics. Prerequisite: Consent of Advisor.

CVEG 5123 Structural Dynamics: 3 semester hours.

Single and multi-degree systems, linear nonlinear systems, damped or forced random vibrations, self-introduced vibrations, numerical and phase plane solutions, modal analysis, formulation by flexibility and stiffness matrices, response spectra, and computer applications.

CVEG 5133 Physical/Chemical Unit Operations in Water and Wastewater Treatment: 3 semester hours.

Physical and chemical processes used in the water and wastewater treatment and applications of these processes to other environmental media. Application of the principles of chemistry, rate processes, and process engineering to analyze and design water and wastewater treatment and other major environmental systems.

CVEG 5143 Hazardous Waste Management: 3 semester hours.

Environmental legislation, regulations concerning the identification, storage, transport, and disposal of hazardous wastes. Treatment processes; control mechanisms; landfill technology and disposal practices.

CVEG 5153 Biological Unit Operations in Environmental Engineering: 3 semester hours.

Major concepts of biology and microbiology as they apply to biological processes. Theory and design of various biological unit operations in Environmental Engineering. The course will be focused on biological processes used in wastewater treatment; however the application of these processes to other environmental media will be discussed.

CVEG 5163 Air Pollution Engineering: 3 semester hours.

The nature of the air pollution problem and its effects on the public at large. Present legal and engineering controls to combat pollution. Techniques of air sampling and testing.

CVEG 5173 Finite Element Analysis: 3 semester hours.

Using numerical integration, Galerkin-weighted residual and variation approaches to formulate and solve one-and-two dimensional problems in solid mechanics, fluid flow, heat transfer, and electro-magnetism.

CVEG 5213 Pretressed Concrete Design: 3 semester hours.

Principles and concepts of design in prestressed concrete including materials behavior, prestress loss, elastic and ultimate strength analyses for flexure, shear, torsion, bond and deflection.

CVEG 5313 Management of Engineering Projects: 3 semester hours.

The course is divided into six components: planning, organizing, financing, execution, and evaluation. It uses the principles of engineering management as well as the tools, skills, and knowledge necessary to successfully manage projects and processes.

Administrative Officer

Emmanuel U. Nzewi, Professor and Head, Civil & Environmental Engineering, B.S., Michigan Technological University, 1980, MSCE, Purdue University, 1982, Ph.D., Purdue University, 1987

Faculty

Iftekhar Ahmed, Assistant Professor , B.S., University of Arizona, 1995, M.S., University of Arizona, 1997, Ph.D., University of Arizona, 2001

Doeun Choe, Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering, B.S., Inha University, Korea, 2000, M.S., Inha University, Korea, 2002, Ph.D., Texas A&M University, 2007

Raghava R. Kommalapati, Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering, B. Tech., Nagarjuna University, India, 1988, M. Tech., Kakatiya University, India, 1990, M.S.C.E., Louisiana State University, 1994, Ph.D., Louisiana State University, 1995

Emmanuel U. Nzewi, Professor and Head, Civil & Environmental Engineering, B.S., Michigan Technological University, 1980, MSCE, Purdue University, 1982, Ph.D., Purdue University, 1987

Judy A. Perkins, Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering, B.S., Southern University, 1984, M.S., University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 1986, Ph.D., Georgia Institute of Technology, 1992

Ramalingam Radhakirshnan, Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering, B.E., University of Madras, India, 1963, M.S., University of Madras, India, 1968, M.S., Brigham Young University, 1971, Ph.D., Brigham Young University, 1974